If you’re planning to immigrate to Canada, make sure you’re well-informed before deciding on a province to call home. The provinces of Canada, as part of the world’s second-largest country, occupy a great range of territory and, as a result, have a wide range of resource endowments, employment possibilities, and demographics. Learn about the many sectors, cities, and characteristics of each province to determine which one will best suit your Canadian immigration needs.
- Capital: Victoria
- Largest city: Vancouver
- Forestry, fishing, and gold, silver, and other mineral mining are the main industries. Small enterprises account for 98 percent of provincial commerce and are the primary source of employment for private-sector workers in British Columbia. The tourism business in British Columbia has risen dramatically over the last decade, presently employing one in every fifteen working British Columbians. Finally, British Columbia leads the country in terms of start-up and entrepreneurial activity, with 3.7 percent of the working population involved in a start-ups.
- Capital: Edmonton
- Largest City: Calgary
- Energy, agriculture, and forestry are three of Alberta’s most important businesses. The oil sands, natural gas, and coal industries account for 14 percent of the province’s GDP. Alberta produces the second-largest amount of agricultural products in Canada, while forestry is the province’s third-largest industry. Several Canadian immigration programmes, such as the Federal Skilled Trades Program, have been designed to fill shortages in Alberta’s labour market, which is increasingly looking for skilled employees in trades including machinery, plumbing, and metal work.
- Capital: Regina
- Largest City: Saskatoon
- Main Industries: Saskatchewan’s profusion of natural resources and refined counterparts provide 95 percent of the province’s manufactured commodities. Grains, animals, oil and gas, potash, uranium, and wood are among them. Many individuals work in food and beverage manufacturing, chemical manufacturing, machinery manufacturing, and wood product production. Immigrants to Canada are increasingly choosing Saskatchewan as their preferred location.
- Capital/largest city: Winnipeg
- Wheat is the most important crop in Manitoba’s growing agricultural industry, accounting for 40% of the province’s total crop production. Food, machinery, transportation equipment, and clothes are the mainstays of Manitoba’s manufacturing industry. In this region, mining is also a major source of employment.
- Capital/largest city: Toronto
- Main Industries: Ontario is home to 14 of the world’s largest automobile manufacturers, demonstrating the province’s importance in the manufacturing sector. Information and technology is also a rapidly expanding industry, particularly in the “Technology Triangle” comprising Toronto, Ottawa, and Waterloo. This region continues to draw bright minds from all over Canada and the world. In northern Ontario, forestry remains a significant sector, while journalism, the arts, and culture thrive in the province’s bigger cities.
- Capital: Quebec City
- Largest City: Montreal
- Quebec is Canada’s only province with a large French-speaking population. The city of Montreal, Canada’s “Cultural Capital,” thrives in tourism, design, software development, and commerce. The province is home to the headquarters of major aerospace corporations, including Bombardier and various international air transport organisations. With tens of thousands of workers, Quebec’s mining and forestry industries generate billions in international export earnings, and Hydro-Québec is a world leader in hydroelectric power.
- Capital: Fredericton
- The province of New Brunswick is Canada’s only official bilingual province. Manufacturing and tourism are the province’s main industries. New Brunswick’s economy, like that of many other Canadian provinces, is reliant on natural resource endowments and consequently largely on the fishery, forestry, energy, and mining industries.
- Capital: Halifax
- Main Industries: Nova Scotia’s economy is based on offshore and inland fishing, mining, and drilling, and it is located on the Atlantic Ocean’s coast. Halifax, as one of the major Atlantic ports, sees a lot of shipping.
Prince Edward Island
- Capital: Charlottetown
- Main Industries: The smallest province in terms of both size and population is known for its delectable potatoes, which account for a significant portion of the province’s agricultural industry. The tourism industry and small enterprises account for the majority of jobs on the island.
Newfoundland & Labrador
- Capital: St. John’s
- Energy, fishing, mining, and forestry are among the top businesses in Newfoundland and Labrador, indicating how the province, like many others in Canada, derives its income from the abundance of natural resources available in the region. The easternmost province of Canada produces more than half of the country’s total iron ore. Finally, the services economy in Newfoundland and Labrador has exploded in the last decade, with considerable advances in tourism, healthcare, and financial services.
- Capital: Iqaluit
- Main Industries: Nunavut has the smallest population of all the provinces and territory in Canada, with Inuit accounting for over 80% of the population. Mining and resource development are the two main sectors in the territory.
- Capita: Whitehorse
- Mining is the most important industry in the Yukon, accounting for 30 percent of the territory’s economy. The business and administration sector also contributes to the Yukon’s GDP. Fishing and trapping are prominent in the area, and the Yukon is a favourite filming location, because to its gorgeous scenery and extended summer daylight hours.
- Capital: Yellowknife
- Main Industries: With support for entrepreneurs, the territory is investing in the business and economic development sector. Energy, diamonds, mineral mining, oil and gas are some of the other prominent sectors in the territory.